j316 d002 sum 19 impact of sentencing philosophies and models on corrections

Sentencing philosophies and models are created by legislatures and imposed by courts. However, it falls to correctional agencies to administer the punishment defined by legislatures and imposed by courts.
In your initial post, discuss the impact that changing sentencing philosophies and models have had on correctional agencies over the past 50 years. As part of your discussion identify at least one sentencing philosophy and/or model that you believe has had the greatest impact on the way correctional agencies administer punishment. As part of your response explain why you believe the selected sentencing philosophy and/or model had the greatest impact on corrections.
In your response post to classmates, evaluate the sentencing philosophy and/or model selected by the classmate. If you agree with the classmate’s view that the sentencing philosophy and/or model had the greatest impact on correctional agencies, expand upon the points made by the classmate to defend this sentencing philosophy and/or model over other options. If you disagree, respectfully defend why you believe an alternative sentencing philosophy and/or model had a larger impact on corrections.
Initial posts must be a minimum of 500 words not counting the repeating of the question or reference list, and incorporate material from at least two (2) cited sources. At least two (2) response posts to peers with a minimum of 250 words are required.
Your grade will be based on the following rubric:

No Work

Beginning

Developing

Accomplished

Exemplary

Substance (Possible 40 points)

Zero points: Student failed to respond to the essay question.

25 points: Presentation is unclear; a basic understanding of the topic and issues is not evident; explanation is lacking; segments of the required answer are lacking; sources and supporting facts are not utilized; length requirements may not have been met.

30 points: Student’s initial posting did not meet the length requirement; and/or presentation evidences some confusion concerning topics under discussion; analysis may be lacking and/or elements of the question are not answered; support and references may be lacking.

35 points: Student answered/addressed most aspects of the question/topic posed in the Forum; initial posting met length requirement; a basic understanding of relevant concepts/theories is demonstrated; relevant sources were located; minimal or no facts/examples were used in support of presentation.

40 points: Student answered/addressed all aspects of the topic/question posed in the Forum; initial posting met length requirement; analysis of concepts and theories clearly demonstrates superior knowledge and a clear understanding of the topic; relevant and scholarly resources were located and used appropriately; facts and examples are used in support of presentation.

Collaboration (Possible 30 points)

Zero points: Student filed none of the required replies.

10 points: Student filed only one of the required replies OR filed the required replies but failed to meet length requirements.

20 points: Student filed the minimum number of replies, meeting the length requirements and evidencing an understanding of the issues under discussion and the views of colleagues. Student failed to respond to specific queries posed to him by colleagues or by the Instructor. Student did not take initiative in advancing the discussion throughout the week.

30 points: Student filed all required replies and they met the length requirement; all replies were substantive, thoughtful responses and contributed to the discussion; student exceeded minimum requirements by answering all queries posed to him by other students or the Instructor; student was “present” and participated throughout the entire week.

Timeliness (Possible 10 points)

Zero points: Student filed more than two required postings in an untimely manner.

2 points: Student filed two required postings in an untimely manner.

7 points: Student filed one required posting in an untimely manner.

10 points: Student filed all required postings in a timely manner.

Writing (Possible 10 points)

Zero points: Student failed to respond to the essay question.

4 points: Writing contains numerous grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors. Language uses jargon or conversational tone; meaning is difficult to discern; organization is lacking.

6 points: Writing contains several grammatical, punctuation, and/or spelling errors. Language lacks clarity or includes some use of jargon and /or conversational tone; sentence structure is awkward.

8 points: Student demonstrates consistent and correct use of the rules of grammar usage, punctuation and spelling, with a few errors; there is room for improvement in writing style and organization.

10 points: Student demonstrates consistent and correct use of the rules of grammar usage, punctuation, and spelling. Language is clear and precise throughout all submissions. Sentences display consistently strong, varied structure and organization is excellent.

Citations (Possible 10 points; zero points if citations are missing)

Zero points: Student failed to respond to include citations and/or references

4 points: Citations of reference sources exist; citations apparently correspond to the correct source but do not enable the reader to locate the source. APA 6th edition format not evident.

6 points: Attempts to cite reference sources are made, but the reader has difficulty finding the sources; attempts to use APA 6th edition format not evident.

8 points: Reference sources are cited as necessary, but some components of the citations are missing and/or APA 6th edition format is faulty in some respects.

10 points: Reference sources relied on by the student are cited appropriately and accurately. No writing of others is left without quotation and/or attribution, as appropriate. APA 6th edition format is used correctly and consistently.

 
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